There is much recent interest in the question of whether people have available a single category learning system or a number of qualitatively different systems. Most proponents of multiple systems have hypothesized an explicit, rule-based system and some type of implicit system. Although there has been general agreement about the nature of the explicit system, there has been disagreement about the exact nature of the implicit system. This chapter explores the question of whether there is implicit category learning, and if there is, what form it might take. First, we examine what the word “implicit” means in the categorization literature. Next, we review some of the evidence that supports the notion that people have available one or more implicit categorization systems. Finally, we consider the nature of implicit categorization by focusing on three alternatives: an exemplar memory-based system, a procedural memory system, and an implicit system that uses the perceptual representation memory system.
This article appears as:
Ashby, G. and Casale, M. (2002). The cognitive neuroscience of implicit category learning. Attention and Implicit Learning, 109-141.
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The cognitive neuroscience of implicit category learning
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