Difference testing methods are extensively used in a variety of applications from small sensory evaluation tests to large scale consumer tests. A central issue in the use of these tests is their statistical power, or the probability that if a specified difference exists it will be demonstrated as a significant difference in a difference test. A general equation for the power of any discrimination method is given. A general equation for the sample size required to meet Type I and Type II error specifications is also given. Sample size tables for the 2-alternative forced choice (2-AFC), 3-AFC, the duo-trio and the triangular methods are given. Tables of the psychometric functions for the 2-AFC, 3-AFC, triangular and duo-trio methods are also given.
This article appears as:
Ennis, D. M. (1993). The power of sensory discrimination methods. Journal of Sensory Studies, 8(4), 353-370.
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The power of sensory discrimination methods
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